VMware Tools

vmware-toolbox-cmd -v                   #check installed version
/usr/bin/vmware-uninstall-tools.pl      #uninstall
./vmware-install.pl -d                  #install with default values

Ports (vCenter)

AD Join (>= 6.5)

vSphere Client

To start the client with US language please add the following to your windows shortcut:

"-locale en_US"          #Start with US language (add to shortcut properties without ")

To preset the user information (to avoid putting it in each time) please add the following to your windows shortcut:

"-u domain\username"

Web Client


A „LUN“ (or virtual Disk) can be recognised in a VMware Virtual Maschine (Linux) with the following command:

echo "- - -" > /sys/class/scsi_host/host1/scan
echo "- - -" > /sys/class/scsi_host/host0/scan

“host1” represents the controller ID.

Another solution:


Note: The package “scsitools” is required (apt-get install scsitools)!

Last solution (this works always even on older linux-derivates):

echo 1 > /sys/class/scsi_device/0:0:1:0/device/rescan 
echo 1 > /sys/class/scsi_disk/0:0:2:0/device/rescan
echo 1 > /sys/class/scsi_disk/1\:0\:2\:0/device/rescan


The VM Kernel Port has to be mapped to the iSCSI HBA:

esxcli --server swiscsi  nic list -d vmhba38                    #List the Konfiguration
esxcli --server swiscsi  nic add -n vmk0 -d vmhba38             #Set HBA
esxcli swiscsi nic remove esxcli -n vmkX -d vmhba3X

Console Commands ESX

To restart all management agents on the host, run the command:

services.sh restart

List VM´s

vim-cmd vmsvc/getallvms

Show details/ WorldNumber:

esxcli vm process list

Check the power state of the virtual machine with the command:

vim-cmd vmsvc/power.getstate <vmid>

Power-on the virtual machine with the command:

vim-cmd vmsvc/power.on <vmid> 

Kill VM:

esxcli vm process kill -t [soft,hard,force] -w WorldNumber


esxcli vm process kill --type=soft --world-id=35041

ESXi 4/ 4.1:

List VM´s:

vmware-cmd -l

Start/ Stop/ Restart/ Suspend/ State of VM´s:

vmware-cmd /nas/vms/FreeBSD/FreeBSD.vmx start

To stop VM/VPS, enter:

vmware-cmd /nas/vms/FreeBSD/FreeBSD.vmx stop

To reset VM/VPS, enter:

vmware-cmd /nas/vms/FreeBSD/FreeBSD.vmx reset

To suspend VM/VPS, enter:

vmware-cmd /nas/vms/FreeBSD/FreeBSD.vmx suspend

Find out if OpenBSD VM is on or off:

vmware-cmd /disk2.vmware/vms/OpenBSD/OpenBSD.vmx getstate

Console Commands ESXi

vim-cmd vmsvc/getallvms                                    #Overview vm´s
esxcli software vib list | egrep ixgbe                     #Show "vSphere Installation Bundle" (vib) 
esxcli system module list |grep ixgbe                      #Show "is loaded" and "is active"
esxcli software vib get -n ixgben                          #Detailed view
esxcli system module set --enabled=false --module=ixgben   #Deactivate NIC-module "ixgben". Reboot is required!


ESXi 5.x:

esxcli storage nfs add -H HOST-IP-OR-FQDN -s NFS-Share-Name -v DataStoreName
esxcli storage nfs remove -v NFS_Datastore_Name
esxcfg-nas -l
esxcli storage nfs list


/var/log # less vobd.log                          #network
/var/log # less vmkernel.log | grep -i doubt
/var/log # less vmkernel.log | grep -i dead
/var/log # less vmkernel.log | grep -i want
/var/log # less vmkwarning.log


To view the status of your vmnics, you can use the

esxcfg-nics -l
esxcli network nic list

To get networkdevice driver information:

ethtool -i vmnicX
ethtool -i vmnic11

Note: Please run previously “esxcfg-nics -l” to get a summary of networkdevices or have a look on vSphere-Client → Configuration → Networking


When using an SSH shell or local console session on ESXi 5.5 and 5.1:

watch ntpq -p localhost_or_127.0.0.1

When using a Linux client for ESXi/ESX 4.x:

watch "ntpq -p ESX_host_IP_or_domain_name"


esxcfg-firewall  -s                            #Show all services
esxcfg-firewall --enableService sshClient      #Enable sshClient

Virtual Disk

Copy a virtual disk (*.vmdk)

vmkfstools -i source.vmdk destination.vmdk 

Create a new virtual disk with cmdline:

vmkfstools -d thick -a lsilogic -c 30G disc.vmdk                                      #ESX3, ESX3,5
vmkfstools -d eagerzeroedthick -a lsilogic -c 30G disc.vmdk                           #ESX4, 5, ESXi 4,5

Convert a VMWare Server disk to ESX as follows:

vmkfstools -i ATIX_SLES10_SP3-s001.vmdk -d eagerzeroedthick ATIX_SLES10_SP3_thick.vmdk                   #Convert an existing VMWare Server disk into "thick" format esx4 disk
vmkfstools -i Win2ksource.vmdk Win2Knew.vmdk                                                             #Convert an existing VMWare Server disk into a esx4 disk


<= ESXi 6.0

Get/ change UUID (e. g. if a disk has been restored from backup):

vmkfstools -J getuuid /vmfs/volumes/datastore/VM/vm.vmdk
vmkfstools -J setuuid /vmfs/volumes/datastore/VM/vm.vmdk

>= ESXi 6.5

UUID doesn´t need to be changed!


Manage the ESXi Server via the vMA (vSphere Management Assistant):

1. Access the vMA with the “vi-admin” user (e.g. SSH)

2. Add a server as follows:

sudo vifp addserver <servername>

3. Switch to the ESXi with the following command:

vifptarget -s x.x.x.x

Create a virtual shared disk:

vmkfstools -d eagerzeroedthick -a lsilogic -c 500G /vmfs/volumes/storage_name/disk.vmdk

More vMA commands:

resxtop -server IP               #"top". Enter "n" to show NICS and related VM´s

List all VM´s on console:

vim-cmd vmsvc/getallvms

This should allow root user to access VMware ESX box remotely using SSH.

VMWare Server (2.0.1)

To share a virtual disk you have to edit the “*.vmx” config-file as follows:

Add at the end of the file add:

disk.locking = "false"

Additionally you have to change

scsi0.sharedBus = "none"


scsi0.sharedBus = "virtual"

The ID number behind scsi (“0” in the example) represents the SCSI Controller ID!

To enter Bios add

bios.forceSetupOnce = "TRUE"

to the *.vmx config file and you are entering once the Bios

Useful Commands

esxcli swiscsi  nic remove -n vmk2 -d vmhba38 
esxcli swiscsi  nic list -d vmhba38

VMware tools


VMware vCenter Appliance


Overview Services:

Service Description Service Name
VMware VirtualCenter Server Service vmware-vpxd
Embedded vPostgres Database service vmware-vpostgres
VMware Tools Service vmware-tools-services
VMware vSphere Profile-Driven Storage Service vmware-sps
VMware vCenter Inventory Service vmware-inventoryservice
VMware vSphere Network Dump Collector service vmware-netdumper
VMware vSphere Log Browser vmware-logbrowser
VMware vSphere Auto Deploy service vmware-rbd-watchdog
VMware vSphere Web Client vsphere-client
[For vSphere 5.1 Only] vCenter Single Sign-On 5.1 vmware-sso
[For vSphere 5.5 Only] vCenter Single Sign-On 5.5 - VMware Directory Service vmdird
[For vSphere 5.5 Only] vCenter Single Sign-On 5.5 - VMware Certificate Service vmcad
[For vSphere 5.5 Only] vCenter Single Sign-On 5.5 - VMware Secure Token Service vmware-stsd
[For vSphere 5.5 Only] vCenter Single Sign-On 5.5 - VMware Kdc Service vmkdcd
[For vSphere 5.5 Only] vCenter Single Sign-On 5.5 - VMware Identity Management Service vmware-sts-idmd



Collecting data from vCenter and export to xml-files for documentation of the cluster. Check:


vmware/vmware.txt · Last modified: 2020/06/19 09:52 by tmade
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